DigCompEdu Competence area

3.3 Collaborative learning

Progression Level

Explorer (A2)

Minimum digital skills level of Students


Minimum digital skills level of Educators


Learning/Teaching situation

Any learning situation that requires discussion, reading and understanding, speaking and listening. Useful for language learning; flipped learning task; homework activity

Target group

All ages


  • Smart phone, Tablet, PC or Laptop
  • Internet
  • Twitter Account


Free and easy to use open chat style messages or tweets, which can easily follow one topic of conversation via #hashtag

Instant way to create networks of users who can communicate regularly with brief messages, or “tweets.”

Requires the user to read and understand the tweets I in order to be able to contribute to discussion

How to do it (step by step)

Step 1

All users sing up and create a Twitter account using appropriate privacy settings

Step 2

Educators set up and manage their class Twitter Group.

Step 3

Educators to send invitation to students and add them to the group tool.

Step 4

Educators to provide simple explanation around using hashtags and @symbol

Step 5

Educator or students to select a relevant research topic and follow/track any threads and #hashtags.

Step 6

Educators and students to like/follow, share/ retweet and comment on threads.

Step 7

Students can search other areas of interest inspired by original topic.

There is more…

Discussion around the topic and threads can be stimulating to introduce new vocabulary.

Explore language used, past, present and future tense as well as short cuts and abbreviations.

Discussion around images can inspire emotional responses and increased use of descriptive language.

Discuss the original source (e.g. retweets) and its credibility.

Ethics and morals can be approached in this manner too.

It allows people come together around a common cause, issue or activity to organize, express objectives, discuss issues, post works, photos, and share related content.

Guidelines. How to use hashtags

A hashtag—written with a # symbol—is used to index keywords or topics on Twitter. This function was created on Twitter, and allows people to easily follow topics they are interested in.

Using hashtags to categorize Tweets by keyword

  • People use the hashtag symbol (#) before a relevant keyword or phrase in their Tweet to categorize those Tweets and help them show more easily in Twitter search.
  • Clicking or tapping on a hashtagged word in any message shows you other Tweets that include that hashtag.
  • Hashtags can be included anywhere in a Tweet.
  • Hashtagged words that become very popular are often Trending Topics.

Example of a Tweet with a hashtag:

Tips for using hashtags

  • You cannot add spaces or punctuation in a hashtag, or it will not work properly.
  • If you Tweet with a hashtag on a public account, anyone who does a search for that hashtag may find your Tweet.
  • We recommend using no more than 2 hashtags per Tweet as best practice, but you may use as many hashtags in a Tweet as you like.
  • Type a hashtagged keyword in the search bar to discover content and accounts based on your in

See Also